The principle behind gerrymandering is to arrange voting wards in such a way that the 'minority' party has a majority of votes in most of the small wards, while the bulk of the opposition's supporters (the 'majority' party) are corralled in as few large wards as possible. The small wards then elect the same number of representatives to the local government as the larger wards, hence the 'minority' party has control of the corporation or council. Derry provided the classic case of gerrymandering whereby a Nationalist majority of votes was transformed into a minority of councillors on the Londonderry Corporation.
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