John Major's Response to Proposals for a
new IRA Ceasefire, 28 November 1996
The Government wishes to set out the facts about recent contacts with
John Hume and explain its position on the possibility of a new IRA ceasefire.
Mr Hume has suggested to the Prime Minister over the last few months
that a new IRA ceasefire, which would in his view this time become permanent,
is available if the government clarifies its position on various issues,
including the nature of the Belfast talks, decommissioning and possible
future confidence-building measures.
The Prime Minister has consistently made clear the government's position
that we would welcome a new ceasefire but that we are sceptical about how
credible it would be. The Prime Minister has also said from the start that
there could be no question of changing our policy, or negotiating with
Sinn Fein, to achieve a new ceasefire, which should be declared without
further prevarication. However, he has added that he was prepared to re-state
existing policy if that would help.
The Prime Minister accordingly gave Mr Hume in July the terms of a possible
re-statement. Mr Hume subsequently suggested different forms of words which
did not, however, properly reflect the government's position. The Prime
Minister sent Mr Hume a further text on November 23. This text included
our views, in the light of continuing IRA attacks, notably on the Thiepval
Barracks, Lisburn, on the terms and process of entry after any restored
This British government text is attached. It describes a position which
we believe to be fair, balanced and reasonable.
If Sinn Fein want to join the talks, it is for the IRA to declare a
restoration of their ceasefire in terms which are convincingly unequivocal,
indicate the intention that this ceasefire should be lasting, and reflect
commitment to exclusively peaceful means. The fulfilment of paragraph 8
of Command Paper 3232 is directly relevant to this ("parties... which...establish
a commitment to exclusively peaceful methods and which have shown that
they abide by the democratic process"). If this was followed by the
absence of paramilitary activity, including such confidence-building factors
as no targeting, surveillance and weapons preparation, the way would be
open for the Secretary of State to invite Sinn Fein to participate in the
negotiations on an equal basis with other parties, in accordance with the
legislation setting up the talks.
The talks are likely to break for Christmas soon and to resume in January
at a date yet to be agreed. The statement attached does not determine how
early Sinn Fein can join the talks after a ceasefire. That depends on the
words and deeds of the IRA and Sinn Fein. We need to see an unequivocal
restoration of the ceasefire and to make a credible judgment that it is
lasting. We need to know that Sinn Fein will sign up to the Mitchell principles.
The government is not erecting new hurdles or seeking delay. We wish to
see inclusive talks involving all parties as soon as possible.
But if Sinn Fein continue to exclude themselves from the talks, the
talks must of course go on without them.
British government policy on the talks
This government has made clear its approach to the search for peace
in Northern Ireland on many occasions. But we continue to be asked about
this or that aspect, particularly about the multi-party negotiations which
started on June 10 in Belfast. There has been continued speculation about
a new IRA ceasefire, despite the no-warning attack on Thiepval barracks,
Lisburn and various arms finds, including the huge find in London.
This has renewed questions about what effect this would have on the
negotiations, and our approach to these negotiations. It may therefore
be helpful to spell out our position again.
The purpose of the negotiations is to achieve a new beginning for relationships
within Northern Ireland, within the island of Ireland and between the peoples
of these islands. The negotiations have one overriding aim: to reach an
overall political settlement, achieved through agreement and founded on
They will therefore address all the issues relevant to a settlement.
Inclusive in nature, they involve both the British and Irish Governments
and all the relevant political parties with the necessary democratic mandate
and commitment to exclusively peaceful methods.
It is important to emphasise that all parties are treated equally in
the negotiations, in accordance with the scale of their democratic mandate
and the need for sufficient consensus. But no one party can prevent the
negotiations continuing by withdrawing from them. No party has an undemocratic
advantage. Both Governments intend that the outcome of these negotiations
will be submitted for democratic ratification through referendums, north
The prospects for success in these negotiations will obviously be much
greater if they take place in a peaceful environment. The loyalist ceasefire
has made an important contribution. It made it possible for the loyalist
parties to join the negotiations. They are now playing their part in shaping
Northern Ireland's future, as I have acknowledged by meeting their leaders.
The British and Irish governments agree that, beyond the unequivocal
restoration of the IRA ceasefire, these negotiations are without preconditions.
But in the light of the breaking of the ceasefire and the events since
then, assurances are obviously needed that any new ceasefire would be intended
to be genuinely unequivocal, ie, lasting and not simply a tactical device.
Consistent with this, the process set out below would follow the declaration
by the IRA of an unequivocal restoration of the ceasefire with the stated
purpose of the conflict being permanently ended.
The successful conclusion of this process would depend on whether words,
actions and all the circumstances were consistent with a lasting ceasefire.
For example, how far the declaration of a new ceasefire was convincingly
unequivocal and intended to be lasting would be an important indicator.
Whether or not any paramilitary activity, including surveillance, targeting
and weapons preparation, continued would also be directly relevant. Developments
which were inconsistent with an unequivocal restoration of the ceasefire
or Sinn Fein's commitment to the Mitchell principles of democracy and non-violence
would affect consideration adversely. Sufficient time would have to be
taken to ensure the requirements of paragraphs 8 and 9 of Command Paper
3232 were accordingly met before Sinn Fein were invited to participate
We envisage that the process would involve:
- meetings with Sinn Fein at various levels to explore with them what
assurances could be given and what confidence-building measures established;
- the British and Irish governments would invite Sinn Fein to meet them
together for the purpose of making an early total and absolute commitment
to the Mitchell principles of democracy and non-violence;
- the two Governments would then propose bilateral and other consultations
with all the parties to seek to determine how, if this process were successfully
concluded, the negotiations could most constructively be advanced including
the issue of the participants adopting an agreed indicative timeframe for
taking stock of their progress;
- following a successful conclusion of the process set out above, including
due time for consideration, the two governments would expect the independent
chairman to convene a plenary session for all participants, with Sinn Fein
invited formally to participate, to consider the outcome of these consultations
and the future programme of work.
From their entry into negotiations onwards, Sinn Fein would, in common
with all the other participants, be subject to all the agreed provisions
and rules of procedure. These include those governing the contingency where
any participant is no longer entitled to participate on the grounds that
they have demonstrably dishonoured the principles of democracy and non-violence.
The range of issues on which an overall agreement will depend means
that the negotiations will be on the basis of a comprehensive agenda. This
will be adopted by agreement. Each participant will be able to raise any
significant issue of concern to them, and to receive a fair hearing for
those concerns, without this being subject to the veto of any other party.
Any aspects can be raised, including constitutional issues and any other
matter which any party considers relevant. No negotiated outcome is either
predetermined or excluded in advance or limited by anything other than
the need for agreement.
Among the crucial issues is decommissioning. So the opening plenary
is addressing the International Body's proposals on decommissioning of
illegal arms. In their report, the International Body said the parties
should consider an approach under which some decommissioning would take
place during the process of all-party negotiations. We and the Irish government
support this compromise approach. Agreement needs to be reached on how
to take it forward, so that the process of decommissioning is not seen
as a block to progress in the negotiations, but can be used to build confidence
one step at a time during them. So both Governments have already said they
will be looking for the commitment of all participants to work constructively
during the negotiations to implement all aspects of the International Body's
It is essential that all participants negotiate in good faith, seriously
address all areas of the agreed agenda and make every effort to reach a
comprehensive agreement. For their part, the two governments are committed
to ensure that all items on the comprehensive agenda are fully addressed.
They will do so themselves with a view to overcoming any obstacles which
For our part, we are wholly committed to upholding our responsibility
to encourage, facilitate and enable agreement over a period through the
negotiations. This must be based on full respect for the rights and identities
of both traditions. We want to see peace, stability and reconciliation
established by agreement.
We are also determined to see these negotiations through successfully,
as speedily as possible. This is in line with the hopes and aspirations
of people in both the United Kingdom and the Irish Republic. These have
already given momentum to a process which will always have difficulties.
We will encourage the adoption by the participants of an agreed indicative
timeframe for the conduct of the negotiations and, if it would be helpful,
will bring forward proposals for this. We have already proposed that a
plenary meeting should be held in December to take stock of progress in
the negotiations as a whole. The two governments will also review progress
at regular intervals. I will be meeting the Taoiseach on 9 December and
the Secretary of State regularly meets the Tanaiste. Progress will be reviewed
again by the end of May 1997, a date set in the legislation.
Meanwhile we are committed to raising confidence, both through the talks
and through a range of other measures alongside them. The International
Body's report itself proposes a process of mutual confidence-building.
So we will continue to pursue social and economic policies of equality
of opportunity, equity of treatment and parity of esteem irrespective of
political, cultural or religious affiliation or gender. We support, with
equal respect, the varied cultural traditions of both communities. We are
also committed to developing policy arrangements so that the police service
should enjoy the support of the entire community.
It is worth recalling that, in response to the ceasefires of autumn
1994 and the changed level of threat, we undertook a series of confidence-building
measures. These included changed arrangements for release of prisoners
in Northern Ireland under the Northern Ireland (Remission of Sentences)
Act 1995, security force redeployments, a review of emergency legislation
and others. If the threat reduces again, the opportunity for further confidence-building
But confidence-building is a two-way street. Support for the use of
violence is incompatible with participation in the democratic process.
An end to punishment beatings and other paramilitary activities, including
surveillance and targeting, would demonstrate real commitment to peaceful
methods and help build trust.
The opportunity for progress has never been greater. The process of
peace and reconciliation has received valuable economic support from the
United States, the European Union and through the International Fund. The
negotiations are widely supported internationally and benefit from independent
chairmen from the USA, Canada and Finland. They also have the overwhelming
support of the people throughout these islands. They want them to take
place in a peaceful environment, free of all violence. That is our aim