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Photograph: Dun an Oir (1), Dingle, County Kerry, Republic of Ireland

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Photograph and Text: Martin Melaugh
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  Information on photograph displayed above
  Title: Dún an Óir (1)
  Location: Smerwick Harbour, Dingle Peninsula, County Kerry, Republic of Ireland.
  Description: The photograph is of a monument that stands in the 'Field of the Heads' (Gort na gCrann) next to Dún an Óir, on the west side of Smerwick Harbour on the Dingle peninsula in County Kerry. The monument refers to the massacre of approximately 600 men and women in 1580.
Six ships, carrying 600 to 700 Spanish, Italian and Irish soldiers, had left Santander in Spain and sailed for Dingle. The force was a response by the Pope and the King of Spain to a request for military aid from the rebelling Earl of Desmond and his Gaelic followers. When the force landed at Smerwick Harbour it was quickly beseiged by English forces and the Spanish commander, Sebastiano di san Giuseppe, surrendered after three days on 10 October 1580. On the same day the English commander, Lord Grey of Wilton, put all 600 of the garrison to death. They were beheaded and their bodies thrown into the sea.
  Photographer: Martin Melaugh
  Date Taken: Tuesday 18 April 1995
  Copyright: © CAIN A copy of the above image may be downloaded for private study or personal use. Anyone requiring a copy for commercial use, or use at a web site, should contact CAIN for further information.
  Technical Details: Canon T70 Camera; slide film
  Filename: dunanoir1.jpg
  High Resolution Image: Higher resolution version available on request - contact CAIN for details.

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