Key Issues - Violence in Northern Ireland
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The nature of the violent conflict in Northern Ireland changed at various stages, from the civil unrest in the late 1960s, to the (Provisional) IRA statement ending its 'armed campaign' on 28 July 2005, to the Dissident Republican campaign which continued after the IRA ceasefire. The links below provide information on the issue of violence.
chronology of violent incidents after the 1994 ceasefires
chronology of 'pipe-bomb' attacks, July 1997 to 13 February 2001
chronology of Dissident Republican activity, 1996 to 2011
Sutton's Chronological List of Deaths, 14 July 1969 to 31 December 2001
Draft lists of (yearly) deaths related to the conflict (in separate Web pages):
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Draft list of deaths related to the conflict from 2002 to the present (in a single Web page)
list of major incidents
list of other 'landmark' incidents
British Irish Rights Watch (1999) Summary from: Deadly Intelligence: State involvement in Loyalist murder in Northern Ireland
Bruce, Steve. (1992) 'The Nature of Pro-State Terrorism', in, The Red Hand - Protestant Paramilitaries in Northern Ireland.
Darby, John. (1986) Intimidation and the Control of Conflict in Northern Ireland
Fay, Marie-Therese., Morrissey, Mike., and Smyth, Marie. (1999) Extracts from: Northern Ireland's Troubles: The Human Costs.
Fay, Marie-Therese., Morrissey, Mike., and Smyth, Marie. (1998) Extracts from Mapping Troubles-Related Deaths in Northern Ireland 1969-1994.
Frampton, Martyn. (2010). The Return of the Militants: Violent Dissident Republicanism, (12 November 2010), [PDF; 524KB]. London: ICSR.
Hayes, Bernadette., and McAllister, Ian. (2000) 'Sowing Dragon's Teeth: Public Support for Political Violence and Paramilitarism in Northern Ireland'.
Kennedy, Liam. (2001) 'They Shoot Children Don't They?: An Analysis of the Age and Gender of Victims of Paramilitary "Punishments" in Northern Ireland'.
Kennedy, Liam. (2022). Final Report (perhaps): They Don't Shoot Children Anymore, (27 November 2022), [PDF; 521KB]. Belfast: The Author.. ...  - [Report]
New Ulster Movement. (1972) Violence and Northern Ireland, (June 1972). Belfast: New Ulster Movement.
O'Duffy, Brendan., and O'Leary, Brendan. (1990) 'Violence in Northern Ireland, 1969 - June 1989', in, The Future of Northern Ireland by John McGarry and Brendan O'Leary (eds).
Murray, Raymond. (1998) Extracts from: State Violence: Northern Ireland 1969-1997.
Ní Aoláin, Fionnuala. (2000) Extracts from: THE POLITICS OF FORCE: Conflict Management and State Violence in Northern Ireland.
Rolston, Bill. (2000) 'Shoot to Kill', in, Unfinished Business: State Killings and the Quest for Truth.
Sinn Fein (31 March 1998) 'An Appalling Vista' Collusion: British Military Intelligence and Brian Nelson
Stevens, John. (2003) Stevens Enquiry: Overview and Recommendations, 17 April 2003. By Sir John Stevens QPM, DL Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police Service. [This summary report was also made available as a PDF File; 243kb]
CAIN contains information and source material on the conflict and politics in Northern Ireland.
CAIN is based within Ulster University.
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